Argumentation – Outline Once students have completed and submitted their summary
Argumentation – Outline
Once students have completed and submitted their summary & working thesis along with their preliminary points of support and initial works cited of ten peer-reviewed articles from their research, all students should begin their preliminary framing of their argument by completing the following assignment:
The Argumentation Outline:
Fill out the outline template provided below. Write in complete statements (complete sentences and developed ideas). Be sure to remove sample sentences to replace with your own (these are merely examples). Also, please be sure to turn off “BOLD.” Many students forgot to do this on the prior assignments, so for any future reference, none of the writing you add to the outlines should be in bold.
Provide one quote for support and one quote for the opposition in each respective paragraph (One quote per body for the outline—and we can discuss adding more during the drafting stage). Include an in-text citation for each quote. These sources must peer-reviewed articles found through OCC databases and listed on your Works Cited page. No BLOCK QUOTES at this time (No quotes longer than three lines).
Follow “Quote Format” for Support:
The quote format minimum is a follows:
1. Intro quote with full claim
2. Intro and give quote
3. Explain/defend quote with full statements
Always be sure to use the transitional terms and phrases that correspond to each step above in order to keep these details organized and clear for the reader (and the writer). Transitions are italicized in each step:
1. Make a full assertion or claim (intro quote):
One example of this issue is (make the claim).
2. Introduce and give the quote to support the claim:
For example/For instance, one researcher stated, “Give Quote” (Smith 14).
3. Explain/defend the quote:
This quote demonstrates/proves/shows…
Repeat the process:
1. Make the next claim:
Another example of this issue is (make claim)
2. Introduce and give the quote:
For example, one expert indicated, “Give Quote” (Noah 43).
3. Explain/defend the quote:
This quote demonstrates that…
(When these steps are all followed, the information in the body paragraph remains clearly organized.)
Most students will find reviewing the chapter “Using Argumentative Strategies” (Chapter 22 in the Third Edition and Chapter 23 in the Fourth Edition). The chapter covers the formation and sources of the types of arguable claims that help to support your ideas, and it includes a helpful section about how to avoid logical fallacies in your reasoning. Additionally, the sections titled “Concede Some of the Opposing Points” and “Refute or Absorb Your Opponents’ Major Points” is an easy-to-follow overview of how to deal with your opposition (those claims that might reveal flaws in your reasoning and primary thesis claim). The outline includes sections for both explaining and dealing with your opposition. This short sections of the chapter will be quite useful in completing those portions of the outline.
For Argumentation, there should be no use of contractions, and the entirety of the writing must be in the third person, objective viewpoint, only. Be certain to follow these guidelines.