Respond to the following discussion post: format according to Publication Manua

Respond to the following discussion post:
format according to Publication Manual American Psychological Association (APA)
(7th ed.)
Discussions must have a minimum of two references, not
older than 2016.
The Feasibility and Cost-Effectiveness of Using Both 8- and 12-Hour Shifts
I think implementing the 8- and 12-hour shifts would cause a scheduling nightmare since a larger number of the nurses are choosing to work on the 12-hour shift, which is more expensive. On the other hand, other staff are threatening to leave the unit if the 12-hour shift is adopted. This would affect the unit since assigning the appropriate shift to each nurse is quite difficult (Webster et al., 2019). Different people are productive and active at different times, thus selecting the right working period for each nurse will be challenging.
As a manager, I would limit the number of employees working in the 12-hour shift in order to save on costs and extra expenses. This is because the 12-hour shift has an extra 4 hours from the normal 8-hour shift. Therefore, employees in the 12-hour shift would require overtime payment, which might be expensive for the unit. Moreover, limiting the number of employees in the 12-hour shift would help maintain a work balance between the employees (Ose et al., 2019). This will ensure that the number of employees working in each shift is equal.
I would pay employees who work in the 12-hour shift overtime for the last four hours since it is their right to receive extra wages. Moreover, requesting for a change in working shifts does not attract any penalty. Therefore, it will be against the law to deny employees their dues.
Due to the nature of work performed in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), it would be difficult to allow nurses to freely choose their working shifts (Ose et al., 2019). Activities in the ICU require continuous monitoring to ensure the lives of patients are preserved. Moreover, allowing nurses to choose their preferred shift of work would create an imbalance since most of them would select the 12-hour shift. Therefore, to minimize any inconveniences, it would be wise if I chose the respective shifts for the workers.
One of the problems that may arise once the two shifts are mixed is lack of motivation. For instance, when some of the nurses leave after the eight-hour shift is over, those working for twelve hours might feel demoralized and less active (Webster et al., 2019). The other problem is poor productivity due to inequality in pay. Employees working in the 8-hour shift might feel they are making less money compared to their colleagues. This will in turn affect their ability to be productive, thus affecting the overall output of the unit.
Ose, S. O., Tjønnås, M. S., Kaspersen, S. L., & Færevik, H. (2019). One-year trial of 12-hour shifts in a non-intensive care unit and an intensive care unit in a public hospital: a qualitative study of 24 nurses’ experiences. BMJ open, 9(7), e024292. Retrieved from,
Webster, J., McLeod, K., O’Sullivan, J., & Bird, L. (2019). Eight-hour versus 12-h shifts in an ICU: Comparison of nursing responses and patient outcomes. Australian Critical Care, 32(5), 391-396. Retrieved from,